But this principally applies to cases where the mandate remains wholly unexecuted; for if it be in part executed, there may in some cases, arise a personal obligation on the part of the representatives to complete it. It may be dissolved by the mandatary at any time before he has entered upon its execution; but in this case, as indeed in all others, where the contract is dissolved before the act is done which the parties intended, the property bailed is to be restored to the mandator. It may be dissolved by the death of the mandatory; for, being founded in personal confidence, it is not presumed to pass to his representatives, unless there is some special stipulation to that effect. A mandate might be issued upon the decision of an appeal, which directs that a particular action be taken, or upon a disposition made of a case by an inferior tribunal. The term mandate is also used in reference to an act by which one individual empowers another individual to conduct transactions for an individual in that person's name. The contract of mandate may be dissolved by a change in the state of the parties; as if either party becomes insane, or, being a woman, marries before the execution of the mandate. It may be dissolved by a revocation of the authority, either by operation of law, or by the act of the mandator. It ceases by operation of law when the power of the mandator ceases over the subject-matter; as, if he be a guardian, it ceases, as to his ward's property, by the termination of the guardianship. 2) order of an appeals court to a lower court (usually the original trial court in the case) to comply with an appeals court's ruling, such as holding a new trial, dismissing the case, or releasing a prisoner whose conviction has been over-turned.
To whom jurisdiction is given, those things also are held to be granted, without which the jurisdiction cannot be exercised.
In this sense, it is used synonymously with Power of Attorney.n. This seems more properly an enumeration of the various sorts of mandates than a definition of the contract. Justice Story, it is a bailment of personal property, in regard to which the bailee engages to do some act without reward.
1) any mandatory order or requirement under statute, regulation, or by a public agency.
See also: act, agency, article, assignment, brevet, burden, canon, charge, citation, command, decree, delegation, designation, dictate, direction, directive, edict, enactment, instruction, law, measure, mission, mittimus, monition, order, ordinance, plebiscite, precept, prescribe, proclamation, referendum, regulation, requirement, requisition, rule, statute, subpoena, summons, writ an authority given by one person to another to do certain things or take some course of action and accepted by the other.
So, the authority given by a principal to his agent is a mandate.